Introducing PubChem Pathway Pages

PubChem Pathway Pages are now available. Each PubChem Pathway page provides information about chemicals, proteins, genes, and diseases involved in or associated with the biological pathway, which can be very important to provide a context to observed biological activity. In addition, all pathways associated with a given chemical, protein or gene are summarized on the corresponding page.

PubChem Pathways

All content comes from existing Pathway resources without any attempt to merge or combine them.  Each page for a given pathway can be accessed via an URL of this form:

where SOURCE is the information source for the pathway and PATHID is the record identifier used by the source.  For example, the following URL directs to the pathway page for the citric acid cycle in human and mouse (ID: SMP0000057 and SMP0063477, respectively) from PathBank:  (for human)  (for mouse)

PubChem Pathways supersedes the NCBI BioSystems database, which is no longer being updated. If you have a NCBI BioSystems identifier (BSID) and the page exists in PubChem Pathways, you can access the corresponding PubChem Pathway page via, for example:

Chemicals, proteins, and genes presented on PubChem Pathway pages are linked to corresponding PubChem pages, providing quick access to more detailed information on these entities.  In addition, the Pathway page provides information on the interactions or reactions among these entities.  The PubChem Pathway pages are searchable within PubChem Search.

Lastly, PubChem Pathway information is integrated with the NCBI Gene database (  For instance, the following web page presents all pathways associated with the human EGFR (NCBI Gene ID: 1956) in PubChem Pathways:

To learn more about the PubChem Pathway page, please read this Help page (

Molecular property links to SpringerMaterials are now in PubChem

More than 32,000 compounds in PubChem now have links to hundreds of chemical and physical properties pertinent to chemistry, material science, physics, and other related fields available from SpringerMaterials (see this press release).  These links will help you quickly locate articles for the property in question.

Chemicals with SpringerMaterials links will contain a “SpringerMaterials Properties” section in the “Chemical and Physical Properties” table of contents.  This provides a list of chemical properties available at SpringerMaterials for this compound.  For example, the following link shows the list of the material properties for benzene (Figure 1).

SpringerMaterials data integration with PubChem
Figure1. The SpringerMaterials properties for benzene (CID 241) ( The 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum link takes you to the entry at the SpringerMaterials site.

Clicking on one of the properties in this list directs you to the SpringerMaterials web page showing a list of articles containing detailed information on that property.  Currently, more than 32,000 compounds have links to SpringerMaterials property data.  A list of these compounds is available through the PubChem Sources page or via the PubChem Classification Browser.

The addition of Springer Materials links to PubChem assists users in finding important data and literature available for chemicals.


Integration of WIPO’s PATENTSCOPE data with PubChem

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is an international organization that aims to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world.  WIPO provided PubChem with more than 16 million chemical structures searchable in its patent database called PATENTSCOPE (see this press release).

PubChem-WIPO data integration

For each of the chemical structures contributed by WIPO, PubChem provides a direct link to PATENTSCOPE, which allows users to perform searches for patent documents relevant to that chemical structure.  For example, the following URL directs users to the “WIPO PATENTSCOPE” section of the cholesterol-lowering medication atorvastatin (CID 60823):

By clicking the direct link presented in this section, users can search PATENTSCOPE for patent documents relevant to CID 60823 and further analyze returned hits using the tools available at PATENTSCOPE.

A list of chemical structures contributed by WIPO can be obtained through the PubChem Source page for PATENTSCOPE:

The integration of WIPO’s chemical information with PubChem makes it easier for PubChem users to find pertinent patent information about chemicals.

Webinar on current access to TOXNET resources

NLM staff will participate in the next American Chemical Society webinar for the chemical information and cheminformatics community: An Overview of NLM’s Post-TOXNET Resources. TOXNET (the TOXicology Data NETwork) was retired in December 2019 as part of the reorganization associated with the NLM Strategic Plan. Most of TOXNET’s databases have been incorporated into other NLM resources such as PubChem and Bookshelf, or continue to be available elsewhere. This webinar will show you where to go now for TOXNET information.

  • Date and Time: Tuesday, March 17 at 1:00pm EDT.
  • Register 

A live Q&A session will follow the webinar.